The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) has been in place for nearly a decade. The elements of the act have conflict controversy between Congress, the SEC, investors, public accounting firms, and public companies. Many feel as though costs associated with the act are higher than the benefits, especially the public companies. However, it has been proven that investor confidence has increased since the act was instated (Wolkoff). An even bigger issue is over the disproportional costs of complying with SOX between small and large companies. Small companies operate very differently compared to large companies but they are still expected to meet all of SOX requirements. There is much evidence that these extra costs stem from increased audit fees, complying with Section 404, and from having to hire more employees and consultants. These costs are causing many small public companies to deregister, go dark, or merge in order to absorb the extra costs.
The amount of IPO’s has decreased over the years and has hurt the American economy. The economy is in a recession and one solution is to increase the number of IPOs. An increase in IPO’s would provide more investor opportunity as well as create more jobs. In order to get more private companies to go public and keep small public companies public, SOX compliance costs need to be lower for small companies. I have made three recommendations that would help to lower SOX compliance costs. The first recommendation is to establish a three tier system in which public companies are divided into three different sized groups. Each bracket would have a different set of requirements that matches their cost capability and company structure. A second recommendation is for the PCAOB to release a compliance road map that would help small companies meet SOX standards and to provide private companies with a process for complying. The last recommendation is for the PCAOB to publish a pamphlet that would give advice to small public companies on how to be more cost effective and efficient. There are multiple ways in which public companies can help themselves.
The childhood obesity epidemic is a social, economic, and public health challenge (Wechsler, et al, 2004). It constitutes a critical threat to the health and well-being of our nation, as rates have risen dramatically over the past decades. The United States now has the highest rate of childhood obesity among all developed nations (Kluger, 2008). Its mitigation requires a multi-disciplinary strategy, as it has become a serious public health concern, not only in the U.S., but also worldwide. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that, over the last thirty years, the number of overweight children has doubled, while the number has almost tripled among adolescents (Ogden and Carroll, 2010). The main issue is that children and adolescents are eating unhealthy high calorie, high fat, processed foods, and are not getting enough physical activity.
Children, in contrast to adults, are treated as unable to weigh the future consequences of their actions. Children may have a poor understanding of the long-term health consequences of overeating or lack of physical activity. In the case that they have adequate information, they may assign minimal importance to problems in the distant future. Therefore, government actively regulates the decisions of children more strictly than those of adults. Additionally, when children are enrolled in the public school system, the government acts in loco parentis; thus, it is important to consider the relationship of school policies, especially regarding nutrition and physical activity, to the childhood obesity epidemic (Acs and Lyles, 2007). Continue reading
The public education system in America is underfunded and this is bound to cause repercussions for future generations and the future of America. Continue reading
In my opinion, the movie Motorcycle Diaries offers an important message to live by: “Deja que el mundo te cambie y podrás cambiar el mundo” (“Let the world change you, and you can change the world”). Before we can create positive change for ourselves and for others, we first need to discover the world around us and be changed by our experience. Continue reading
There is a lot wrong with the world. But there is nothing wrong with the world that cannot be fixed by what is right with the world (thanks Bill Clinton for idea). I think the same mix is inside each of us. Hopefully, your education and this class have given you the means and tools to find what is fixable and how to start fixing.
In that spirit, your last post is to think of a “60 second idea to improve the world.” This is shamelessly borrowed form a BBC podcast I heard.
Please read your post and time it to sixty seconds! These should be short, powerful, and convincing.
There will be a small prize for the winning idea as determined by the post’s rating with my opinion being the final tie-breaker. You can see my last semester’s ideas on their blog.
Brevity can be the kind of constraint that produces creativity. For your next post, I want you to do this fun exercise: write your life memoir (actual or aspirational) in six words. No more, no less.
This is inspired by a book of famous people’s six word memoirs. Like Stephen Colbert’s :”Well, I thought it was funny.” Or singer Aimee Mann: “Couldn’t cope, so I wrote songs.”
To write yours, open this post, and add yours to the list (this way we can see all of them easily). Like so:
Jordi: “Jesting while jousting the stubborn world.” Also: “I don’t have time for assholes.”
Dana: “I am woman, hear me roar”
Derek: “Past experiences are ones never lost”
Joey: “Strike while the iron is hot.”
Catherine: “She killed him, I’ll kill her.”
Caitlin: “I wanted to do it all.”
Jenna: “I am wandering, but not lost.”
Patrick: “Only the strong will survive life.”
Amanda: “Self-discipline and karma get me places.”
Lauren M: “Living to learn and discover myself.”
Alyssa: “I did, I want, I will.”
Lauren D: “Why not? Just go for it.”
Ben: “Sometimes lazy, sometimes working, always scheming.”
Beth: “Believed she could, so she did”
Ryan: “Who am I? Well, I am…”
Having chosen childhood obesity as the topic for my white paper, I have had no trouble finding information as there is a wide variety of research and literature on the subject. In the library, I was pressed for time, but I uncovered several books in the sciences and medicine stacks within a matter of minutes. The title that I found most interesting was “Generation Extra Large: Rescuing Our Children from the Epidemic of Obesity”. Given last week’s discussion regarding Generation We, I found the labeling of our same generation as “Extra Large” was worthy of comment.
Nevertheless, the book that I actually chose to look at more in depth for this particular blog post was entitled “Obesity in Youth: Causes, Consequences, and Cures”. I decided that this book might be the most helpful as it was the most recently published (2009) of the books I discovered in my less-than comprehensive search. I assumed that this book may have more reliable data and statistics and therefore it would be more helpful than the others in contributing to my white paper. Continue reading
Today, regional airline carriers account for more than half of all domestic flights in the United States, as major airlines have been outsourcing more of their flights. According to the U.S. government Accountability Office, the regional airlines are responsible for the last six fatal commercial airline accidents (Dillingham). Thus, their business operations, especially with respect to safety standards, implicate a variety of ethical dimensions and perspectives.
THE STORY OF THE REGIONAL CARRIERS IN THE AIRLINE INDUSTRY
Over the past thirty years, a major transformation has been occurring in the United States airline industry. It began in the late 1970s when the U.S. government deregulated the airline industry, which inevitably led to increased competition among the major airlines to offer lower airfares (Cunningham, et al). In response, the airline companies created the regional industry and developed a new business operating strategy called the hub and spoke model as a way of lowering costs. Basically, the major airlines created central hubs in large cities or metropolitan areas and began relying on small regional carriers or commuters to feed their domestic network system (Wei & Yanji). (See Appendix A) Continue reading
Since I am an accounting major, I have gained a major interest in government policies that may affect my future. I also have enjoyed learning about many accounting frauds that have taken place (especially since some companies went to great lengths to cover up what they were doing, check out ZZZZ Best for example). One of the major policies that has been passed and we have discussed in class is the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002. The article that we read for class analyzed the effects of the act shortly after it was implemented. As a result, I want to see if any results and analyses have changed.
SOX was implemented after the Enron and WorldCom scandals. It was the government’s quick response and solution to the mistrust the public was gaining of big corporations. SOX implemented many regulations on auditors and companies in order to make sure no more economic disasters would occur in the future (the financial crisis of 2008?). For my white paper, I want to explore the actual effects of SOX on society, companies, and auditing firms. Continue reading
For the second paper in our class, I will be focusing on the ethics surrounding false advertising. This issue is concerned with the rights of others compared to the rights of freedom of speech. In deciding how to go about pursuing such a topic, I thought it would be valuable to perform a cited reference search on Robert Nozick’s Entitlement Theory essay. This article discusses justice and inequality based on entitlement, thus I thought there may be some intriguing essays that reference his work using an entitlement perspective to discuss the ethics of advertising.
I utilized Google Scholar to perform a cited reference search on Nozick’s essay and over 10,000 articles were found. Performing a search within these results for “false advertising,” I discovered 18 articles that cited Nozick’s Entitlement Theory and discussed false advertising. Immediately, I found one article titled “Advertisements, stereotypes, and freedom of expression” that appeared to be exactly what I would want for my topic. Unfortunately, this article could not be obtained with Bucknell’s privileges, so I went back to the results and found another article entitled “The Value of Rights” that also focused on my aforementioned topic. Continue reading
I chose to explore Edwin Hartman’s article “Donaldson on Rights and Corporate Obligations” for this week’s cited reference search blog post. Just to recap, the article discusses Donaldson’s belief that certain fundamental human rights generate correlative duties for the corporation, including 1) the duty to avoid depriving people of their rights, 2) the duty to help protect people from such deprivation, and 3) the duty to aid those who are deprived. Hartman introduces a fourth category of duty to the list, which he refers to as the duty to avoid helping to deprive. He argues that the corporation is not obligated to contribute to protecting anyone from deprivation, but it needs to make sure that no action it takes helps the depriver succeed in depriving.
Since the article was published in 1991, I thought that it would be interesting to see what other publications have cited it since then. Using Google Scholar, I found that Hartman’s original article had only been cited by 3 other publications.
The one I chose to examine more closely is “La responsabilidad moral de la empresa. Una revisión de la teoría de Stakeholder desde la ética discursiva”/”The moral responsibility of the business. A review of the Stakeholder theory from discursive ethics”. It is a doctoral thesis presented by Elsa González Esteban and directed by Dr. Domingo Garcia-Marza of the Universitat Jaume I de Castellón. It was published in 2011, so it is rather recent information. In total, it has 576 pages and it is written in Spanish. Continue reading
For the blog posting this week I chose to use a “piece of knowledge” on Freeman. An optional reading for our session 4 class back in February was Edward Freeman’s Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation. Ever since taking Management 101 the concept of stakeholders has interested me: how to identify who is a stakeholder, are their various levels, how does one encapsulate the needs of stakeholders and somehow make that align or fit within what the mission of the overall corporation is, etc.
I searched Stakeholder Theory and Freeman within the Web of Knowledge database. Since Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation itself is within another piece of work, I browsed around a bit, checking out other pieces of work by Freeman regarding stakeholder theory. I spent some time searched within those for different terms, such as Wal-Mart, but did not come up with many results nor any I was particularly interested in. I eventually narrowed my focus onto Stakeholder Theory and “the corporate objective revisited” . This has been cited 76 times within the Web of Knowledge database! In settling on this document, I began sifting through the 76 items cited; I wasn’t really thrilled with this set of resources either. I eventually found an article that, from it’s abstract at least, appeared really interesting: Social Sustainability in Selecting Emerging Economy Suppliers by M. Ehrgott, F. Reimann, L. Kaufmann, and C.R. Carter. The source of the article is Journal of Business Ethics. I did a cited reference search on this article as well, but it has only been cited 3 times within Web of Knowledge.
The abstract provides great insight into what the study was about Continue reading
As I was constructing a list of business groups and associations for our research projects, I was looking at the US Chamber of Commerce’s website. The USCOC is almost always supportive of right-wing or Republican policies. I wanted to see what they had published or even researched about poverty for a student’s white paper argument draft.
Their search engine, ironically, asked me if I meant “property” instead of “poverty.”
During Spring Break of my junior year, I participated in the A.C.E.S. Bucknell Service Trip to the Dominican Republic. The experience was truly eye-opening as it was the first time that I had witnessed extreme poverty firsthand. Some of the areas that the Bucknell group visited were more developed, especially the Colonial District and places closer to Santo Domingo. However, other small villages were extremely poor. The communities where we did the medical clinic and the food drive were rather shocking to me.
The medical clinic was set up at a school and all the participants, including doctors, nurses, and our student group, were volunteers. Many people, both young and old, came seeking medical attention. I remember being in the “dentist” classroom and seeing the instruments lined up on a table. Some volunteers were sterilizing them in bowls of soap and water. One part that I will never forget was holding up a young girl’s head to support it while she had a tooth pulled. She sat in a wooden desk chair and no Novocain was used. I had to look away when her mouth began bleeding and I sensed that she was in pain. After, all I could do was smile and tell her that she was very brave. I recall thinking to myself, “Wow, this is their health care.” Continue reading
Private Practice is a TV show spin-off of the popular medical drama Grey’s Anatomy. The show follows the lives of doctors at Oceanside Health & Wellness Group in Los Angeles, CA. Charlotte King is the Chief of Staff at St. Ambrose Hospital which is adjacent to Oceanside Health & Wellness Group. The doctors face many ethical dilemmas associated with their patients, but Charlotte is forced to make many tough decisions on behalf of the hospital.
This week for the TV blog post prompt, I chose one of my favorite shows: Criminal Minds. It airs on CBS every Wednesday night at 9, and is currently in season 7. The show is made up of an elite group known as a subsection of the FBI: Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU). Sometimes referred to as the unit, the members include Rossi, Morgan, Garcia (computer whiz), Dr. Reid, JJ (communications), Prentiss and Hotch (head of team). Their base is located in Quantico, Virginia, but the unit is constantly called in by police departments and other agencies around the country to assist in crimes. These crimes the unit is called in to help solve typically have many layers and are extremely or disturbing cases. When the BAU is handed a new case, much of their job revolves around profiling and victimology. By piecing together the basic characteristics of the assailant(s) and analyzing them, the team can work in an effort to anticipate the next moves, and hopefully catch the unsub (unidentified subject) before it’s too late.
This past weeks’ episode is titled “A Family Affair.” The Unit travels to Atlanta to investigate a string of murders. The victims have been prostitutes in the area who are stabbed to death in the same fashion. The Unit is called in because the frequency of these attacks continues to mount. The episode tells the story of dysfunctional family, the Collins. The Mother has been using pills, the Dad an alcoholic. They have one son, Jeffrey. Some years ago, there was a car accident. The Dad was drunk behind the wheel, the Mother in the front seat and Jeffrey in the back. Jeffrey is wheelchair-bound due to the accident, but blames his mother for what happened to him. Preview: criminal_minds_preview_a_family_affair_season_7_episode_16 Continue reading
The TV episode I chose to examine from a business, government, and society perspective is from the show Boy Meets World. I am sure many of you are familiar with the sitcom comedy-drama, as it aired for seven seasons on ABC from 1993 through 2000, but for those of you who aren’t, I will sum it up. Basically, the show chronicles the experiences and everyday life lessons in the world of Cory Matthews, your typical teenage boy from Philadelphia as he grows up from a young boy, through middle school, high school, college, and later married life.
In browsing through the “people to watch” I came across someone I find inspiring. This someone is 25 year old Tammy Tibbetts who was featured in Meet The Change Generation. She founded She’s The First in 2009, bringing together ideas and experimenting with creative ways to raise money. This money is used to fund girls in the developing worlds be the first in their family to graduate.
I found the story of Seth Maxwell, one of the 2011 Do Something Awards Finalists, to be particularly inspiring. Seth, a 22 year-old college graduate from Los Angeles, CA, learned from a friend that almost 1 billion people lack access to clean water and that water-borne illnesses account for more than 80% of all global disease. He found this information troubling and immediately decided to do something about it.
He began what became known as the Thirst Project in March of 2008. Seth, along with eight of his friends, was committed to making a difference. They invested all their cash – about $70 in total – and purchased 1,000 bottles of water. They distributed the free water on Hollywood Blvd. and began educating the public, through informal conversations, about the clean water crisis. In a single day, they raised awareness and more than $1,700 in donations! Continue reading
After skimming through many successful young entrepreneurs, Christy Liu caught my eye. According to Fast Company, Liu is one of eleven that is a part of the change generation. Liu is a cofounder of the travel site Wanderfly (check it out!). Traveling is something that I wished I had the time and money to do more often. After checking out the site, I was immediately interested in knowing more since the site offered me ways to budget the future traveling that I want to do.
Wanderfly is designed to plan travel for people that are on a budget. The site is very simple and organized, unlike many of its competitors, and allows a user to find a trip that meets many of their requirements. The user of the site will fill in where they want to leave from, where they want to go, what interests them (landmarks, nightlife, luxury, adventure, entertainment, family, watersports, eco, romance, shopping, outdoors, islands, beach, singles, history, food, art, and extreme), their budget per person, when they want to travel, and for how many days. After filling in their information, the traveler will be presented with multiple trip options. Each option includes a description of the place, pictures, things to do there, and hotels and flights that can be booked immediately. Continue reading